ORGANIZATIONAL AND LEGAL APPROACHES TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ADVANCED DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE EAEU IN THE CONTEXT OF IMPROVING THE “SINGLE WINDOW” MECHANISM

Sergei Mozer

РУССКИЙ

On November 21, the “Science Week 2023” of the St. Petersburg branch of the Russian Customs Academy began its work, which lasted from November 21 to 23. Science Week events are intended for scientists, specialists and officials of external organizations and institutions, customs authorities of the Russian Federation and include a plenary session and work of sections, which are organized using remote technologies on the on-line platform “Yandex Telemost ” .

On November 21, a plenary session of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Customs Readings — 2023: New realities of foreign economic activity: the view of customs, business and science” was held, in which current employees of the Federal Customs Service of Russia, scientists and teachers from Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Russian universities and others states of the Eurasian Economic Community, CIS took part.

The conference was attended by Sergei Mozer, Deputy Head of the Division of Advanced Customs Technologies of the Department of Customs Legislation and Law Enforcement Practice of the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC, Commission), Ph.D., with a report “Organizational and legal approaches to the implementation of advanced digital technologies in the EAEU in the context of improving the «single window mechanism«.

In his speech, he detailed the legal basis for creating a “single window” mechanism in the Union Member States, and also described the practical aspects of the implementation of this project in the period 2020-2023.

Sergei Mozer explained that in the near future, the Union Member States must develop priority instruments for implementing the “single window” mechanism in the foreign economic activity regulation system, as well as create a Data Matrix on foreign economic activity. In his personal opinion, ideally it is necessary to develop a model of such a matrix to optimize redundant business processes that exist throughout the supply chain of goods for the subsequent development of a new customs model — high-performance, “intellectual», flexible, predictable and “invisible” for business.

The speaker recalled that the issue of introducing promising customs technologies into the activities of modern customs based on the experience of the World Customs Organization (WCO) was first studied in the Union in 2019, when the monograph “Digital Customs. WCO Experience» was brought to the attention of experts. This study aroused interest, including in the WCO Secretariat within the framework of the Revised Kyoto Convention Management Committee.

The results of scientific work were used in the development of the Concept for the formation of digital customs in the EAEU Member States as part of the implementation of paragraph 1.2.4. of Detailed plan for 2019 for the implementation of the Action plan for the implementation of the Main Directions for the Development of the Single Window Mechanism in the System for Regulating Foreign Economic Activity (preparation of a draft document defining approaches to the formation of digital customs).

The speaker drew the attention of the conference participants to the review prepared by the EEC customs block “Advanced digital technologies implemented in the field of foreign economic activity, in the context of improving the single window mechanism,” which will be considered by the EEC Board in December 2023. In his opinion, this comprehensive research material is of scientific and practical interest for scientists and experts and will soon be posted on the official web-site of the Commission.

Along with this, the importance of the upcoming demonstration of pilot projects for the implementation of national “single window” mechanisms in the Union Member States was noted, which requires the preliminary development of a methodological framework, as well as evaluation criteria.

The report aroused interest among the participants of the scientific event, and the result of conference will be published soon.

Сustoms Academy: SCIENCE

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25.11.2023