As part of the agreements between the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC, Commission) and the Russian Foreign Trade Academy of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, representatives of the Department of Customs Legislation (Department) held a lecture for students of the International Law Faculty of this Academy. The topic of the lesson was the improvement of customs regulation in the Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU, Union), the prospects for development of digital innovative technologies in the EEU customs sphere, as well as building productive relations between the Commission and the World Customs Organization (WCO).
Mr. Sergei Mozer, Deputy Head of the Division of Advanced Customs Technologies, Ph.D. in Law, focused the attention of the audience on topical issues of interaction between the Commission and the WCO in the context of the implementation of the Strategy for the Development of Eurasian Economic Integration until 2025. One of the points of the Strategy is to study the possibility of joining the Union to the fundamental WCO instruments. During the lecture, students got acquainted with the WCO legal instruments and tools, as well as scientific and methodological approaches to their comprehensive analysis.
The WCO is the main international platform for defining international standards for customs administration. Most of the countries of the world are members of this influential international organization. Customs regulation practically of all countries of the world, economic and customs unions is based on WCO standards, — said the representative of the Commission. At the same time, he spoke about the practical aspects of the ongoing work of the Revised Kyoto Convention Management Committee, to which the EEC Customs Cooperation Unit is a party. As part of the educational event, Sergei Mozer described the relations between the Commission and the WCO as productive, and the work being done to improve the Union’s law based on the best practice of customs regulation and the WCO standards — effective.
In turn, Ms. Dinara Sekerbaeva, head of the same division, told the students about the projects implemented by the Commission and the Union Member States in the field of customs, the prospects for the development of digital innovative technologies in the customs sphere of the EEU.
She noted that one of the tasks for the very near future 2021-2022 is to increase the volume of transit cargo transportation, including by means of improving the quality of services for all participants in the process by digitally modernizing the model of the unified customs transit system of the Union, based on the use of navigation seals and uniform guarantee mechanisms. The Council of the Commission approved a «road map» for the development of a unified system of customs transit of goods of the Union; at the expert level, work is underway on a draft Agreement on the use of navigation seals in the Union for tracking shipments and Recommendations on the determination of standard requirements for navigation seals. Here we need to make a small remark: The Agreement on the Application of Navigation Seals is, in fact, the first step towards the introduction of elements of the industrial Internet of Things in the Union. And as a result of the work done, national operators of the system for tracking the transportation of goods using navigation seals have already been identified in almost all EEU Member States, — Dinara Sekerbaeva noted.
Among the promising areas, the head of the division highlighted the improvement of the regulation of international electronic commerce and the formation of a customs space of trust on the territory of the Union by ensuring a single standard for performing customs operations and conducting customs control, unifying responsibility for non-compliance with the requirements of Union law in the field of customs regulation.
The organizers of the event and students of the Russian Foreign Trade Academy thanked the Department of Customs Legislation of the EEC for the opportunity to get acquainted with the practical aspects of the Commission’s work on improving customs regulation, cooperation with the WCO and implementing the Strategy for the Development of Eurasian Economic Integration until 2025.