ANALYSIS OF THE WCO LEGAL INSTRUMENTS: SCIENTIFIC AND METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES

РУССКИЙ

Sergei Mozer

The XII International Scientific and Practical Conference «Prospects for the development of customs in terms of deepening Eurasian integration» was held online in the Russian Customs Academy on October 22-23, 2020.

The conference participants were representatives of the Eurasian Economic Union, customs services of the CIS Member States, economic operators, scientific and pedagogical personnel, graduate students, other universities and scientific organizations.

A report «Scientific and methodological approaches to the analysis of  of the World Customs Organization legal instruments» was presented to the attention of the participants. The author is Sergei Mozer, Deputy Head of the Advanced Customs Technologies Division of the Department 

of Customs Legislation of the Eurasian Economic Commission, a contact person for communication with the WCO.

This topic is related to the issue of updating the law of the Eurasian Economic Union in the field of customs regulation within the framework of interaction with the World Customs Organization. Sergei Mozer noted that, an appropriate classification of the WCO legal instruments and tools will be terminated soon, like the creation of the necessary software decision in context of the research of international customs standards.

The created information product classifies all WCO legal instruments according to 77 characteristics. In this case, the following characteristics can be attributed to the basic ones:

  1. Type of legal instrument.
  2. Institute of Customs Law.
  3. Category of goods.
  4. Types of documents for customs purposes.
  5. Customs operations / business processes.
  6. Digitalization.
  7. ICT infrastructure.
  8. Customs technologies.
  9. Digital technologies.
  10. Subjects of legal relations.
  11. Mode of transport.
  12. WCO topic.
  13. Subject of regulation.
  14. Link to the Customs Code of the EEU.
  15. Link to the EU Customs Code.
  16. Link to the Kyoto Convention.
  17. Link to the Concept for the revision of the Kyoto Convention.

Thanks to the applied methodology for the systematization of the WCO legal instruments and tools, the speaker noted, within a second it is possible to obtain a sample of all previously created WCO legal instruments and tools for each of the listed characteristics.

The methodology used makes it possible to link all the WCO legal instruments and tools in the context of chapters and articles of the EEU Customs Code, EU Customs Code, the  Kyoto Convention, as well as the concepts (topics) formed in the WCO for revising the same Convention.

In practical terms, this tool (technical solution) allows the EEC customs specialists to use international experience in the modernization of customs regulation in the EEU Member States; study international standards in the field of customs regulation; promptly prepare analytical materials on best practices within the framework of the Commission’s rule-making activities.

Sergei Mozer added that in May 2021 it is planned to publish a monograph, which will present a detailed analysis and classification of all WCO legal instruments and tools. After that, it will be possible to talk about the creation of a full-fledged course of international customs law and its use in the preparation of students who study customs. The research results may also be of interest in the framework of various WCO programs and projects on capacity building.

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Russian Customs Academy: SCIENCE

23/10/2020